# Validity and reliability in research methods

Test Validity and Reliability Whenever a test or other measuring device is used as part of the data.As an informal example, imagine that you have been dieting for a month.Then assess its internal consistency by making a scatterplot to show the split-half correlation (even- vs. odd-numbered items).

By this conceptual definition, a person has a positive attitude toward exercise to the extent that he or she thinks positive thoughts about exercising, feels good about exercising, and actually exercises.For example, there are 252 ways to split a set of 10 items into two sets of five.

For example, a 40-item vocabulary test could be split into two subtests, the first one made up of items 1 through 20 and the second made up of items 21 through 40.In its general form, the reliability coefficient is defined as the ratio of true score variance to the total variance of test scores.A true score is the replicable feature of the concept being measured.

Aspects of the testing situation: freedom from distractions, clarity of instructions, interaction of personality, sex, or race of examiner.But if it indicated that you had gained 10 pounds, you would rightly conclude that it was broken and either fix it or get rid of it.Here, I want to show you two ways you can think about their.Simple Random Sampling Systematic Sampling Stratified Sampling Cluster Sampling.Test-retest reliability assesses the degree to which test scores are consistent from one test administration to the next.All of us will be able to define validity and reliability Research Methods - Validity and Reliability Last lesson.Perhaps the most common measure of internal consistency used by researchers in psychology is a statistic called.This involves splitting the items into two sets, such as the first and second halves of the items or the even- and odd-numbered items.

### Sociology 512: Validity and Reliability

The goal of reliability theory is to estimate errors in measurement and to suggest ways of improving tests so that errors are minimized.This method provides a partial solution to many of the problems inherent in the test-retest reliability method.Example: Levels of employee motivation at ABC Company can be assessed using observation method by two different assessors, and inter-rater reliability relates to the extent of difference between the two assessments.Define validity, including the different types and how they are assessed.Example: The levels of employee satisfaction of ABC Company may be assessed with questionnaires, in-depth interviews and focus groups and results can be compared.Company Reports FAQ New Reports Terms and Conditions Contact E-Book.

Correlating scores on one half of the test with scores on the other half of the test.Validity, and Reliability in Construction Research. using two or more data collection methods whose validity and reliability.

Factors that contribute to consistency: stable characteristics of the individual or the attribute that one is trying to measure.RELIABILITY AND VALIDITY IN ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH. assumes that research methods,.Temporary and specific characteristics of individual: comprehension of the specific test task, specific tricks or techniques of dealing with the particular test materials, fluctuations of memory, attention or accuracy.The finger-length method of measuring self-esteem, on the other hand, seems to have nothing to do with self-esteem and therefore has poor face validity.

### Evaluating Research, Types of Research page 1

Validity and Reliability Chapter Outline. Internal Consistency Methods.

A specific measure is considered to be reliable if its application on the same object of measurement number of times produces the same results.Again, high test-retest correlations make sense when the construct being measured is assumed to be consistent over time, which is the case for intelligence, self-esteem, and the Big Five personality dimensions.To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately.Then a score is computed for each set of items, and the relationship between the two sets of scores is examined.In the previous two units we have discussed the purpose of research, the research report, subject selection, and the various types of research design.Your clothes seem to be fitting more loosely, and several friends have asked if you have lost weight.

### Validity And Reliability In Qualitative And Quantitative

Using Quantitative Research Methods to Determine the Validity and Reliability of an.For example, one would expect new measures of test anxiety or physical risk taking to be positively correlated with existing measures of the same constructs.Most people would expect a self-esteem questionnaire to include items about whether they see themselves as a person of worth and whether they think they have good qualities.

This means that any good measure of intelligence should produce roughly the same scores for this individual next week as it does today.

### Reliability and validity in research : Nursing Standard

Figure 5.2 Test-Retest Correlation Between Two Sets of Scores of Several College Students on the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, Given Two Times a Week Apart.Or imagine that a researcher develops a new measure of physical risk taking.This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations.For example, self-esteem is a general attitude toward the self that is fairly stable over time.

For example, if a set of weighing scales consistently measured the weight of an object as 500 grams over the true weight, then the scale would be very reliable, but it would not be valid (as the returned weight is not the true weight).Or, equivalently, one minus the ratio of the variation of the error score and the variation of the observed score.A criterion can be any variable that one has reason to think should be correlated with the construct being measured, and there will usually be many of them.